Japanese article is here; https://japaneselanguagesalonbymikapanda.com/lets-learn-about-prevention-of-disasters-2-315
Hello, this is MIKA again!
At this time, I’ll tell you the way to find your home in Japan, especially for minimizing a damage by nature disasters.
Part 2: When you find your home in Japan
You need to find your home if you come to Japan for studing abroad or emigration.
For students, a dormitory might be prepared. However, others have to find it by themselves.
Of couse it’s important to choose a house which is easy to live or not.
However, it’s indispensable to think with the standpoint of the prevention of disasters.
Never to live close to the sea and rivers!
If you live close to the sea, it’s easy to have the damage of a tsunami.
In the case of rivers, you must have the damage of a flood.
That’s why I reccomend you a home far from the waterside.
Also you should get “Hazard map” at a house agent, a city or ward office to find the safer area.
“Hazard map” is the map which print the information for the prevention of disasters such like the dangerous area of the flood by the overflow of rivers, the landslip by the heavy rainfall, shelters and so on.
Never live in a mountain and its foot!
I can’t reccomend you to live in a mountain and its foot because it has a risk to take the damage of the landslip even if it’s attractive for you to live in the nature.
It’s ideal to live on a flatland or a stable rising ground.
It’s safer to live in the area that is high above sea level!
“Kaibatsu（海抜）” means the height above sea level in Japanese.
There are the information on electric poles around the town like the picture upside here.
The higher place you live, the safer your life become. Check it cautiously!
Are there any shelters nearby?
The local elementary and junior-high schools are decided as the shelters for that area.
Because it’s better to arrive there soon, I suggest you to find a house which is close to elementary or junior-high schools.
However, beware even if your home is close to there!
Remember the route how to reach there definitely for the critical moment.
Can it withstand an earthquake?
Earthquakes have been occured very frequently in Japan, that’s why we have developed construction techniques to against them.
“Taishin-kouzou（耐震構造）” means the construction to withstand an earthquake, “Seishin-kouzou（制震構造）” means the construction to absorb the vibration, “Menshin-kouzou（免震構造）” means the construction not to propagate the vibration.
Does your home have the constructions like them? Check it at the house agent.
Notice of the next article
How was it?
It’s fun to find your new home, however, you should suppose to take the damage by some chance because Japan is the country of nature disasters!
Next time, I’ll tell you the way how to protect yourself by nature disasters while you live in Japan.