Let’s learn the positional perticals!! Part.3 ~「が」~


Hello, this is MIKA!

This is the third time to introduce the positional particals, how about you?

Write on your notebook, and write your diary in Japanese to learn the positional particals, so do not just read this article!!

Anyway, let’s start!!



Do you like Sushi? I like it very much!!

Then, there is an object before 「が」, but do not use 「を」.

When you introduce yourself or talk with someone at the first time, it’s good to say what you like!


And, when you want to say I like it “very much”, tell 「~がとても好きです!」「~が大好きです!」.

The meaning of them is same, but 「とても」is 【Writing words】, and 「大好き」is 【Speaking words】.


Oppositely, we use 「が」to negate.


I think there are many people who don’t like their boss…(^ω^)

Anyway, when you want to say “I don’t like it very much.”, tell 「~があまり好きではありません。」.


When we’d like to say what we hate, also we use 「が」.

Recently young people who don’t like a drinking party with their colleague is increasing in Japan, how about your country?




Not only a music instruments and a song, but also 「体操(たいそう)が上手です」、「絵(え)が上手です」、「字(じ)が上手です」 are OK.

*体操:physical exercises

*絵:picture, illustration



In Japan, we say “Make” as “Making-up” popularly.



It’s impossible to understand how he/she is good at Japanese objectively only with 「~がわかります。」, so put an adverb before 「わかります」 is helpful to understand.

「大体」 means N2 level for Japanese language teacher, and 80% for general Japanese.

「よくわかります」means your level is as same as N1, please be careful!

In other hand, if you know something a bit, just say 「少し(だけ)わかります。」.


Also, in the case of 「~がわかりません」, use some adverbs like 「あまり」,「全(まった)く」、「全然(ぜんぜん)」.

In addition, 「全く」and「全然」have a same meaning, but the first one is 【Writing words】, and the second one is 【Speaking words】.



In this case, 「~があります」is used as the meaning of “Possession”.

In this case, use adverbs like 「たくさん」or「少し」.


The sentence of「…に~があります。」 is for an existence of not living things.


In place of 「全く」「全然」, we can use 「少しも~ありません。」.


Oppositely, for living things, use 「~がいます。」.

In Japan, there is hot springs which monkeys take in winter!

Final comment

How was it?

There are too much petterns of sentenses of 「が」to remember?

But, no problem! You should remember the sentenses which we often use!

In this article, the most useful petterns are 「~が好きです。」and「~が嫌いです。」.

Secondly, it’s helpful to say 「~が上手です。」「~が下手」です。」for a self-introduce.

Finally, you can practice「~があります。」「~がいます。」in your home, let’s do it!

I wish you do your best 😉